Framework for a national nature strategy: Facilitating the development of national nature strategies that are aligned with the Convention on Biological Diversity

Executive summary

The economies of African countries, like those of countries in other global regions, are heavily reliant on natural resources. Nature loss and degradation pose signifi-cant risks for economic development and well-being. Investments to protect and restore natural environments can help safeguard African and other global regions from risks associated with environmental degradation and unlock new economic opportunities.

A national nature strategy can facilitate countries’ efforts to navigate an increasing-ly complicated normative landscape characterized by numerous compliance obli-gations and commitments, including those stemming from the Kunming-Montre-al Global Biodiversity Framework, national biodiversity strategies and action plans, and countries’ nationally determined contributions. National nature strategies can help countries respond to nature-related risks and opportunities, align policies with international, regional and market priorities, and make implementation and reporting more efficient. National nature strategies can also help countries im-prove climate-related outcomes at the many points where nature interacts with the climate.

In this report, the authors present a framework that can facilitate efforts by Afri-can and other countries to draw up and implement national nature strategies. The framework provides start-to-finish guidance and covers the implementation of nature assessments, the establishment of a national vision and related targets, the development of a strategy to deliver on those targets, strategy implementation, the exploitation of nature-related opportunities, the management of nature-relat-ed risks, and compliance with international obligations, such as those stemming from the Kunming Montreal Global Biodiversity Framework and from national bio-diversity strategies and action plans. The strategy was developed in collaboration with a wide range of stakeholders, including policymakers, nature experts and representatives of non-governmental and multilateral organizations.

The framework comprises four components, namely: (I) Baseline and ambition: rea-sons for a national nature strategy and outcomes to aim for; (II) Initiatives: actions to take in order to achieve the aforementioned outcomes; (III) Instruments: incentiviz-ing action to achieve desired outcomes; and (IV) Governance and implementation: planning and implementing the strategy and assigning responsibilities.